“A recent New York Times story documents a rise in the number of solo women travelers, and chronicles incidents in which these women have been murdered, injured, or sexually assaulted. Such fearmongering is dispiritingly common, in the press as well as colloquially. The woman who went out walking after midnight and ended up in a ditch has become a mythology passed down from mother to daughter. Men, who also fall victim to attack, are assumed to learn courage and street-smarts from these negative experiences, while a woman will be forever damaged or traumatized—or worse.”
Another link worth reading, also from the article above:
“The traditional difficult woman is generally outspoken, opinionated, and headstrong. She likes to shoot her mouth off, and has little interest in avoiding conflict; indeed, she finds it stimulating. Apple carts? She lives to upset them. For those of us who wish to be difficult but are introverted and see no reason we shouldn’t keep our opinions to ourselves, Amelia Earhart is our girl. Gracious and somewhat shy on the outside, she was willful and independent on the inside: polite, yet freewheeling, a person who answered to no one. She took the position that adventure is a worthwhile pursuit in and of itself—a radical stance for a woman.“
“Digitaler Stress in Deutschland – Eine Befragung von Erwerbstätigen zu Belastung und Beanspruchung durch Arbeit mit digitalen Technologien.”
Digitaler Stress: “Stresserleben, welches aus dem Unvermögen eines Individuums resultiert, mit neuer Technologie in einer gesunden Art umzugehen (Brod 1982).”
Frauen arbeiten an digitalisierteren Arbeitsplätzen, sehen sich als kompetenter an und haben ein höheres Level an digitalem Stress als Männer. Frauen nutzen im Durchschnitt 14 unterschiedliche Technologien am Arbeitsplatz, während Männer nur von durchschnittlich 12 digitalen Technologien am Arbeitsplatz umgeben sind.”
Die mit Verunsicherung im Umgang mit digitalen Technologien wird als größter Stressor wahrgenommen, aber auch Unzuverlässigkeit, Überflutung, Verunsicherung, Komplexität, Omni- und Dauerpräsenz. Mehr als ein Drittel der befragten Arbeit nehmer (37,5 %) empfinden ein hohes Maß an Unsicherheit. Demgegenüber empfinden nur 12,7 % ein hohes Maß an Omni- und Dauerpräsenz der Technologien, die somit unter allen sechs Faktoren von digitalem Stress am schwächsten eingeschätzt wird.”
25% häufiger Kopfschmerzen hat, wer hohen digitalen Stress hat (im Vergleich zu Arbeitnehmern mit normalem Stress)
Digitaler Stress geht mit starkem Konflikt bezüglich der Work-Life-Balance einher (i.e. er wirkt sich auch stark auf das Privatleben aus)
Über 64jährige haben am wenigsten Digitalen Stress, am meisten haben die 35-44 jährigen und die darauf folgenden Jahrgänge.
22% ist der Anteil der Varianz in emotionaler Erschöpfung, der durch digitalen Stress erklärt werden kann.
“Women in computing have shaped the evolution of information technology. They were among the first programmers in the early-20th century, and contributed substantially to the industry. As technology and practices altered, the role of women as programmers has changed, and the recorded history of the field has downplayed their achievements.“
“This is a timeline of women in computing. It covers the time when women worked as “human computers” and then as programmers of physical computers. Eventually, women programmers went on to write software, develop Internet technologies and other types of programming. Women have also been involved in computer science, various related types of engineering and computer hardware.“
“Rwanda now leads the world in female representation in parliament, due in part to a quota system that reserves seats for women. Gender rights are enshrined in the national constitution and laws were changed to give women the right to inherit land and obtain credit.“
Hypatia of Alexandria lived in th 4th century A.D., in hard times for a female philosopher and scientist. According to Wikipedia, she is “the first female mathematician whose life is reasonably well recorded.” The astronomer and university teacher Hypatia tried to conserve the (ancient-classical) knowledge that was endangered by religious turmoil in the wake of the fall of the Roman empire.
Rachel Weisz plays a wonderful Hypatia in Amenábar’s movie “Agora“. In its end, she’s killed by religious fanatists (in this case Christian ones), who tear her skin off, mostly because she failed to comply with the religion’s rules and the position in society she was supposed to take.
Hedy Lamarr (Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler). The famous Austrian-American actress invented frequency hopping and was a well-known Hollywood actor, including the first ever portrayed female orgasm in a movie. 2014 she became a member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
One more from the core female developers of ENIAC. As other women, she mostly went unhonored – because female contributions didn’t match societies’ expectations:
Photos of these women working on the computer often went without credit in newspapers at the time, and when the ENIAC was completed and unveiled to the public on February 15, 1946, the US Army failed to mention the names of the female programmers who had programmed the machine to run such sophisticated calculations. This further contributed to the perceived disconnect between women and computing.