Category Archives: Science

Hundreds of millions of years missing – the great unconformity

Interesting article, news in the media, too: The Great Unconformity … :

It is fitting that the Grand Canyon should contain some of the best exposures of The Great Unconformity — the gap in the rock record between Cambrian times (~550 m.y. ago) and the pre-Cambrian (anything earlier). An unconformity is a surface in the rock record, in the stratigraphic column, representing a time from which no rocks are preserved. It could represent a time when no rocks were formed, or a time when rocks were formed but then eroded away.

Traces of other universes? – Hawking’s last words …

Looks like Stephen Hawking has left us a great paper to ponder … Are there traces of other universes to be found in cosmic background radiation?

“The usual theory of inflation breaks down in eternal inflation. We derive a dual description of eternal inflation in terms of a deformed CFT located at the threshold of eternal inflation. The partition function gives the amplitude of different geometries of the threshold surface in the HartleHawking state. Its local and global behavior in dual toy models shows that the amplitude is low for surfaces which are not nearly conformal to the round three-sphere and essentially zero for surfaces with negative curvature. Based on this we conjecture that the exit from eternal inflation does not produce an infinite fractal-like multiverse, but is finite and reasonably smooth.”

If you understand German, here’s a recap.

If you are intersted in the holographic principle, read this.