Category Archives: Linux and OSS hints

The Guardian, Geschäftsmodelle und die Freie Presse (german)

Ich hatte jüngst bei den Press Freedom Awards der Reporter Ohne Grenzen das Vergnügen, Alan Rusbridger vom Guardian in seiner Keynote (Link mit Timestamp ~1:00:00) zuzuhören und danach am Biertisch über eine Stunde mit ihm ratschen zu dürfen. Die Keynote anzuschauen, lohnt sich, vieles des unten genannten taucht dort auf. The Guardian hat es geschafft, dank eines Contributor-Modells, erstmals in Jahrzehnten eine schwarze Null zu schreiben

Rusbridger war von 1995 bis 2014 Chefredakteur des Guardian und hat dort einige wilde Phasen erlebt, incl. Wikileaks/Assange und Snowden etc. Heute ist er als freier Journalist und an der Oxford University tätig. Seit Mai 2019 macht der Guardian mit seiner Online-Strategie Gewinn, auch dank der 1.000.000 Contributors, die sie so erreicht haben – neues Ziel: 2 Millionen.

Pay for others, so that they can read!

Laut Rusbridger – und das wird er nicht müde zu erzählen zahlen die Leute vor allem dafür, dass auch Andere, Dritte die vom Guardian recherchierte, unabhängigen Nachrichten und investigativen Ergebnisse lesen können, kostenlos, frei und gefahrlos. Bei einer Paywall zahlt man für die Arbeit, aber niemand sonst hat einen Nutzen davon, erklärt er. Das Contributor-Modell sei sozialer, besser und entspreche eher dem Auftrag der freien Presse. Rusbridger beschreibt diese in seiner Keynote mit dem wunderbaren Satz: “What’s the business model of a lighthouse?” Derlei spiegelt sich auch in den Aktionen (siehe Abbildung unten) zum Klimawandel wieder, wo der Guardian eine eindeutigere, der Katastrophe angemessene Sprache zu wählen entschied. Mich hat das überzeugt, seitdem bin auch ich Contributor.

Freie Presse sei das im Urzustand, meint er – und genau dafür wurde der Guardian wohl auch gegründet – das Geschäftsmodell der Zeitung ist ein anderes als bei vielen Konkurrenten, sie haben eine Mission – von Anfang an. Einen Einstieg kann auch hier die Wikipedia-Seite liefern, vor allem der Abschnitt über die “Finanzielle Konsolidierung des Kernbetriebs“. 

7 Best Practices for Managing Open Source Components

Best Practices for Managing Open Source Components  | AltexSoft … :

Open-source software and components are important enablers of agility in modern development environments. Practically all developers use open-source components in applications, whether at the front or back end; there is a library for pretty much any stack you can think of. Developers can use these components to make their jobs easier and allow them to focus on organization-specific challenges, including building the core proprietary software features that add value to enterprise applications.   Developers who understand open-source security and how to best manage open-source components are more likely to efficiently and prudently use these components when building proprietary software.

Why the donation system of the US is completely messed up. (MIT/Stallman/Lessig)

One aspect of the Stallman affair these days is how wrong the whole fundraising thing is handled in the US. If an institution has to take money from Type 3 and 4 of Lessig’s quote below, then the system is totally f***d up. 

There’s a wonderful quote from Pestalozzi: 

“Sie ersäufen die Gerechtigkeit im Mistloch der Gnade.” (as quoted by Thomas Bernhard)

 “They are drowning justice in the menure pit of mercy.” 

On Joi and MIT – Lessig – Medium … : 

I thank god that I’ve never been obligated to raise money for an institution like MIT, because I know that in every moment of that existence, I would be forced to confront a gap between what I believe is right and what every institution does. And yet, as a person charged with fundraising, I would be pressed to adopt the ethics of the institution, not the ethics of myself. Divide the entities or people who want to give to an institution like MIT into four types.

Type 1 is people like Tom Hanks or Taylor Swift — people who are wealthy and whose wealth comes from nothing but doing good.

Type 2 is entities like Google or Facebook, or people whose wealth comes from those companies. These are people who are wealthy because of their work within companies of ambiguous good. Some love them. Some hate them. Some think they are the key to all that’s evil in the age that’s coming. Some think they are the key to all that will be good.

Type 3 is people who are criminals, but whose wealth does not derive from their crime. This is Epstein, but not just Epstein. It may be that we’ll discover that Epstein got rich by blackmailing people whom he had encouraged or enabled to commit abuse. I doubt it, but it’s possible. Suffice it that when Joi was investigating whether that criminal continued his crime, no one was suggesting that his enormous wealth was the product of blackmail or sex slavery. He was, the world assumed, a brilliant, savant-like investor, who was also a sexual predator.

Type 4 is entities and people whose wealth comes from clearly wrongful or harmful or immoral behavior.


A new Linux Enterprise Distro is born, out of Manjaro

Even Forbes reports on it:

Here’s the original stuff: 

Manjaro is taking the next step – Announcements – Manjaro Linux Forum … :

Started as a passion project by three ambitious guys back in 2011, Manjaro has evolved rapidly to establish itself as one of the most popular and well-known Linux distributions available today. Likely one of the main reasons for its success is a unique balance between a wide variety of an ever-growing diverse community and the consistency of a small and closely connected core team. Today, many thousands of users are relying on the constancy, stability and security associated with Manjaro daily. The development and maintenance have become considerably more time consuming and a much larger task than can be managed by a few people in their spare time. For some time, Philip has been investigating ways to secure the project in its current form and how to allow for activities which can’t be undertaken as a “hobby project”, and, along with the rest of the team, a plan of action has been created.

They seem to cooperate with Blue Systems

Manjaro as a company and legal entity In order to effectively engage in commercial agreements, form partnerships, and offer professional services a legal construct has been formed: Manjaro GmbH & Co. KG (wiki explanation 200). On July 8th, Philip and Bernhard met together with the CEO of Blue Systems to officially found this business entity. As a result, Bernhard and Philip will now be able to commit full-time to Manjaro, while Blue Systems will take a role as an advisor.

To secure the existing project funds and future donations, Jonathon is in the process of establishing the project with fiscal hosts 145 (CommunityBridge 21 and OpenCollective 28). Team members will then be able to approve the use of donations to fund project-related expenses, for example: Sponsorship for upstream events and local Manjaro team and community events; Local community costs (e.g. shipping of equipment to Manjaro team and community members); Travel (e.g. coverage of full or part of the expenses for attending an event); Hardware and hosting costs. There will be many other possibilities where community initiatives can be subsidized to help grow the Manjaro project and community.